The Fuel Technologies Corporation has been established by a scientific group of scientists-engineers of fuel for rocket and space application.
Thus it became possible to use the scientific knowledge and technologies, accumulated for decades, in production of components of fuel for gasoline and diesel engines, of sport fuel, biofuel, bioethanol, biodiesel, gas fuel, pour-point depressants, octane boosters, cetane boost additives, and boosters of engine fuel.
In cooperation with the scientific world the Corporation implements advanced innovative technologies in the field of combustion and explosion for improving life quality. It is development of traditional and new types of fuel, study of new principles of combustion control theory and search of new sources of renewable raw materials that are of no small importance from the ecology point of view. It is a step into the future use and application of nanotechnologies of combustion control and development of new fuel nanotechnologies of 21st century.
Now we would like to present to the customers’ attention the products of the Fuel Technologies Corporation enabling everyone to make this small step away from the ragged edge. These are components for petrol and diesel used in combustion engines: Cetane MAX (super formula), For EURO-4, Antigel for diesel, UMT Fuel Booster (for petrol), and UMT Sport for petrol fuel and many other products being under designing.
General mechanism of products action by example of the UMT additive
This product is the most advanced agent for petrol combustion control in combustion chamber of a vehicle and it is intended for fuel tuning. The features of engine running, of cyclicity of thermodynamic processes and their connection with kinematics of crank mechanism create a number of conditions to agent composition and determine its influence on cyclic processes for different periods of their behavior in order to improve thermodynamic and kinematic interconnections. A modern engine is a sum of compromises balanced for maximum efficiency. A part of processes running under UMT’s influence is described by confidential theory of information control of combustion and explosion and can not be presented in this document. The technologies of combustion and energy generation through combustion are still very imperfect.
Not many years ago the humanity believed that the Earth was flat but then it accepted the idea of a round Earth but still considered that everything moved around it. This gnosiological concept of the universe perception is well-known to every one. Thus, even a brief description of principles of a new way of information control of combustion and substance condition arouses a protest and rejection and even frank hostility of many minds. Examples of such behavior of modern “fools” can be found on any web-site when something new is offered for them.
It is well-known that protein structures called DNA store information of each living body. The structures of a living body are formed automatically from a “pile” of organic material, substance, on the DNA’s command. The DNA’s information commands a molecule “move” and take only its own place by forming a miracle of nature – a living body from nonliving matter. Same things happen in processes of information control of combustion – the molecules of nanostructures contain encoded information on combustion process, which determines hydrocarbon compounds of fuel.
Such new information ways of combustion control are applied in this additive. Any substance via its information capsules contains sort of information. Substances, contained in microscopic doses in the additive, are able to change behavior of other substances, particularly heavy hydrocarbons, by decomposing them into fragments and by making them more exposed for further oxidation. Such substances are called NANODECOMPOSERS and other substances, determining the further combustion process, are called NANO CATALYSTS. They are also entered in micro doses called “traces” by chemists. They increase speed and activity of combination of fuel mixture and oxygen. Combustion acceleration enables more effective use of projectile gas energy pushing a piston in an optimal area of cam shaft rotation angle. Piston gases transfer their maximum energy to the piston and are thrown out as exhaust gases under lower temperature, thus, reducing the thermal wear of exhaust system. The gases have a lower content of СО, СН and NO as well as other harmful substances that cause very often cancerous diseases of people.
By the first law of thermodynamics, the amount of heat Q, generated by gas, turns fully in work A at isothermal process at which internal energy does not change ( ΔU = 0):
A = Q.
But such a single-phase stroke of heat conversion into work is not of interest for automotive engineering. Real combustion engines operate in cycles.
For this an actuating medium shall make a circular process or a thermodynamic cycle in which it returns into initial position periodically.
Different circular processes are used in petrol and diesel engines used in practice. In both types of engines an actuating medium is a mixture of petrol or diesel vapors with air. A cycle of petrol internal combustion engine consists of two isochors and two adiabats. A cycle of diesel internal combustion engine consists of two adiabats, one isobar and one isochor. Actual efficiency is about 30% for petrol engine and about 40% for diesel engine. When changing a pattern of a circular process, we change engine performance at the same structural characteristics. This is it that was called FUEL TUNING. Without change of the engine structure, only due to change of combustion processes, we improve engine performance. Getting the same changes due to change of engine structure is very expensive. It may be confirmed by any engine mechanic.
Work A, performed by an actuating medium for a cycle, is equal to received amount of heat Q for a cycle. Ratio of work A to heat Q1, received by an actuating medium for a cycle from a heater, is called coefficient of efficiency η of a heat engine:
In 1824 S. Carnot, a French engineer, examined a circular process consisting of two isotherms and two adiabats. That circular process played an important role in development of theory of thermal processes. It is called a Carnot cycle (Fig.1).
Fig. 1 Carnot Cycle
Our purpose is to increase engine efficiency within cyclic engine working conditions by influencing the process behavior.
S. Carnot expressed cycle efficiency in terms of heater’s temperature T1 and cooler’s temperature T2:
The UMT components reduce temperature Т1 a little bit and a temperature Т2 considerably that determines the increase of engine efficiency.
The UMT consists of nanocatalysts, nanodecomposers (in micro doses) in oxygenate mixture. OXYGENATES have been selected also on molecular composition so that they start combusting at different stages of expansion cycle of piston gases by time and they increase also filling of the combustion chamber with fuel mixture due to forming compressor effect. They are presented as a data comprehensive whole when influencing combusted fuel.
Nanodecomposers are intended for decomposition of heavy hydrocarbons into small constituents which then combust by releasing useful energy to the engine. Lacquers and coke deposits are decomposed in the same way – they enter into an oxidation reaction gradually, convert into gases, release their energy to a piston and are discharged into the air. Decomposition starts at the beginning of the compression cycle (See Fig.2 Points 1-2) of fuel mixture from its ignition by a spark plug (so called ignition advance). At the beginning of fuel mixture combustion the expanding gases start reacting against the piston travel (Points 1-2) by taking a part of energy from it as it happens in case of engine operation on fuel without additive. Decomposition reaction (fuel with additive) flows in endothermic mode with heat absorption, pressure of piston gases is reduced (See Fig.2 Points 1-2) and piston gases react weaker to the piston till its passing of top dead center (TDC).
Nanocatalysts control speed and completeness of hydrocarbons combustion; they enter into a reaction at the stage of piston passing from top dead center to bottom dead center (3rd stroke) (Fig. 2). Heavy hydrocarbons are decomposed; resistance pressure against the piston travel to TDC is lower. In this case the pressure of gases grows faster than it grows at combustion of fuel mixture without the UMT additive, and it reaches a maximum value of piston gases pressure after crankshaft rotation at 12 degrees from top dead center in optimal kinematic zone of crank mechanism which is a zone within 12 degrees from TDC and 12 degrees from BDC (bottom dead center). Pressure reaches its maximum value in effective operation zone. In effective zone the pressure of fuel with additive is reduced more considerably that pressure of fuel without additive. It is confirmed by lowered temperature of exhaust gases (on fuel with additive). A torque of internal combustion engine, operating with additive, is higher because the amplitude of combustion curve is higher. Engine power increases because losses of engine at the end of the compression stroke are less (Fig. 2, 2nd stroke). Greater combustion completeness increases also a general balance of engine power.
Fig. 2 Strokes of 4-stroke Internal Combustion Engine
Fuel Booster (for petrol)
SPECIFICATIONS No. 0257-002-95528620-2006
Lot No. 08-28 of June 24, 2008
|No.||Indicator Name||Specification||Analysis Results|
|1||Colorunits on colorimeter TsNT, no more||Green||Green|
|2||Octane number||Not specified||115|
|3||Maximum density at 20°С, kg/m3,||830||810|
|5||Mass fraction of water, %||absent||absent|
|6||Contamination content, no more||absent||absent|
Note: Possible deposit formation, soluble in benzene, is normal. Shake before use.
QCD decision: ______meets __ SPECIFICATION No. 0257-002-95528620-2006
Results of Independent Examination:
|APPLICATION RESEARCH ACADEMY|
|4 Vs.Vishnevski St., 197136, Saint-Petersburg, Russia|
|Ref. No . 43-ОР||of 04.03.2008|
Use of UMT fuel booster (for petrol).
Additive samples for testing were added in fuel in concentration of 0.5 l per 50 l of Ai-92 petrol. For testing the Ai-92 petrol was selected as it is widely used by car owners, although the additive may be applied for fuel of any mark, including Ai-95, Ai-98, for improving fuel combustion in the engine and increasing engine power and torque.
Fuel and additive are mixed without limits and without any obvious changes of homogeneous solution compound. Results of testing of fuels with UMT ecological resource- and energy-saving additive identified positive influence of UMT additive on ecological and power engine performance. Testing of the 1.5-l engine of VAZ-21083 vehicle was performed on specially-equipped test bench following the procedure stated in the GOST.
Tables 1 and 2 provide test results.
Summary table of change of petrol engine parameters when running on standard petrol and petrol with UMT additive
|Engine load condition. Rpm, n=2,000 min-1|
|Parameter relative change, %|
|Specific fuel consumption, D ge||Effective coefficient of efficiency, Dhe||Carbon monoxide, D СО||Hydrocarbons,
|Nitrogen oxide, D NO|
|4.5||-10. 5||+10.6||-1. 3||-4. 3||+1.9|
|8.5||-12. 4||+11.2||-4. 4||-9. 4||-9. 3|
|12.5||-7. 5||+8.1||-4. 9||-4. 5||-0. 1|
|17.0||-5. 2||+5.5||-5. 1||-4. 6||-11. 9|
|22.0||-5. 2||+4.3||-5. 7||-18. 2||-9. 2|
Summary table of change of petrol engine parameters when running on standard petrol and petrol with the UMT additive
|Engine load condition. Rpm, n=3,000 min-1|
|Parameter relative change, %|
|Specific fuel consumption, D ge||Effective coefficient of efficiency, Dhe||Carbon monoxide, D СО||Hydrocarbons,
|Nitrogen oxide, D NO|
Use of UMT ecological resource- and energy-saving additive in Ai-92 petrol results in:
- reduction of specific fuel consumption:
from 2.6 to 16.8% when running at load condition of n=3,000 min-1 ,
from 5.2 to 12.4% when running at load condition of n=2,000 min -1 ,
- increase of engine efficiency:
from 2.9 to 17.1% when running at load condition of n=3,000 min -1 ,
from 4.3 to 11.2% when running at load condition of n=2,000 min -1 ,
- increase of fuel combustion efficiency that offers reduction of hydrocarbon exhaust:
from 7.1 to 10.5% when running at load condition of n=3,000 min -1 ,
from 4.5 to 18.2% when running at load condition of n=2,000 min -1 .
In spite of increase of fuel combustion efficiency, UMT fuel additive slightly influenced the content of carbon monoxide in exhaust gases of the engine that can be explained by good quality of a base fuel used for testing.
Besides the above advantages, the use of UMT additive helps to keep the combustion chamber and exhaust gas duct clean and to reduce a load on afterburning catalysts as fuel in the combustion chamber combusts almost to the end.
UMT fuel additive proves to be really resource- and energy-saving and features obvious ecological effect. The additive may be recommended for wide use by car owners of both commercial and private petrol-running cars for improvement of dynamic characteristics of engine, reduction of harmful exhaust gases that is vital for cities, and for protection of car engine against off-grade fuel that can be found at gasoline stations. In the last case its positive effect will be more evident.
Director signature V.V. Serdyuk
Member of Scientific Council on Combustion and Explosion
of the Russian Academy of Sciences (North-West Department)
Academician of the International Application Research Academy
Stamp CLOSE CORPORATION APPLICATION RESEARCH ACADEMY SAINT-PETERSBURG
On results of UMT additive test
In February and March, 2009 the laboratory of the combustion engines department of the Saint-Petersburg State Polytechnic University conducted engine-bench test of UMT additive under economic contract No. 140301901.
By the results of the test the following conclusions on operation efficiency of the tested additive can be drawn:
- A basic cycle of engine test with use of petrol with UMT additive revealed increased power performance of the engines. Average indicators of power increase with UMT additive concentration of 0.5% was 4.8% - 6.0%.
- Reduction of specific fuel consumption was from 6.6 to 10.8% respectively depending on engine operation mode.
- Reduction of toxic components such as CO and CH in exhaust gases of the engine was noted. The level of residual hydrocarbons was reduced by 26%, and the CO was reduced by 35% in average.
- In the area of lower loads, characterizing the urban cycle of engine running, the reduction of specific fuel consumption in the load area up to 20 to 30% of rated one exceeds 10%.
- Use of UMT additive demonstrated efficient cleaning of internal engine chambers. It is proved by results of visual inspection of surface state of the combustion chamber before and after contamination. The obtained results indicate that the presence of UMT additive in fuel prevents engines from contamination .
- Visual inspection and analysis of spark plugs revealed efficiency in elimination of metal-containing deposits by the additive; these deposits are caused by presence of iron-containing octane boosters (ferrocene) in fuel.
Cetane boost additives for diesel:
Boosters and additives in fuel – Cetane MAX (Product Description)
The CETANE NUMBER is a key indicator of diesel fuel. It influences greatly an engine operating mode and is an important characteristic of fuel ignition. The cetane number depends on compound and structure of hydrocarbons in diesel.
It influences the engine power, its efficiency, its start-up, operation stiffness, fuel consumption and exhaust opacity. The higher the cetane number of diesel is, the less the ignition delay period is and, respectively, the higher fuel ignition speed is. Besides, the higher the cetane number is, the easier the diesel engine starts up.
The additive is a balanced combination of chemical components which helps to reach the following:
• increased engine power
• reduced exhaust smoking
• smoothing of stiffness and noise of engine running
• fuel saving up to 5%
• extended engine life
• prevention of nozzles and combustion chamber from deposit formation;
• easy engine start-up in winter and reduced emission of blue-grey smoke.
All above is gained through stabilization of diesel combustion and simultaneous effective lubrication of friction pairs of injection nozzles, parts of diesel injection pump that extends service life of the fuel system twice as much, especially, when using the “Cetane MAX” additive from the beginning of the engine operation.
Every owner of a diesel car knows that fuel equipment is very expensive. That is why it is necessary to use this additive to avoid problems with its replacement.
The additive is used during each refueling. This additive may be used for all types of diesel engines: passenger, truck, tractor, industrial ones. It is a good agent for long-term engine preservation.
The effect is seen at once!
With the Cetane MAX you will get a tangible benefit. For example, when it was used for IVECO medium duty trucks the saving was 3 litres per 100 km, and for passenger diesel vehicles, 1 litre per 100 km. This additive is used successively in commercial vehicles.
Note for specialists.
The higher the cetane number is, the less the ignition delay period is. With a lower cetane number the ignition delay period is great and it leaves less time for combustion, pressure build-up in the combustion chamber is delayed relative to angle of crankshaft rotation that causes engine knocks and higher engine wear-out, high fuel consumption and, respectively, loss of power.
With the Cetane MAX diesel booster you can reduce emission of blue-grey smoke at start-up, increase engine power when reaching an optimal cetane number.
The Cetane MAX (super formula) for diesel fuel has an advantage as compared to other cetane boost additives as it contains effective desiccative component (anti-precrystallization additive that prevents crystallization (beginning of water freezing)) and efficiently improves combustion of poor quality diesel.
What are the advantages of the Cetane MAX (super formula) diesel additive based on application of combustion control nanotechnologies in diesel engines?
- 1.Fuel saving.
Addition of the Cetane MAX additive in diesel results in:
- Reduction of specific fuel consumption up to 8%;
- Increase of effective efficiency up to 7%;
- Increase of torque up to 5%.
As a result, the consumer saves fuel and enjoys higher engine power that is equal to increased engine power through increased fuel consumption by 6%. Thus, when we consider that fuel consumption of MAZ vehicle is 48 litres of diesel, then the fuel (direct) saving will be 3.84 litres per 100 km. Indirect fuel saving due to increased engine efficiency is 2.88 liters of conventional excess fuel consumption (for reaching a comparable efficiency of the engine running without additive).
2. Extended service life of engine parts
The additives help to clean the combustion chamber and exhaust gas duct of the diesel engine thus preventing the combustion chamber from formation of carbon deposits that reduces sleeve assembly wear-out:
3. Extended oil life
Incomplete fuel combustion in the combustion chamber results in deposit formation, increased amount of deposits causing premature wear-out of cylinder rings and a cylinder liner. Exhaust gas blow-by with unburned fuel, especially fuel of poor quality, increases when the rings get covered with carbon deposits and lose their mobility. Unburned fuel in oil damages greatly the engine that causes premature oxidation, dilution and then oil resinification. It happens due to polymerization of formed radicals. At the same time the lubricating properties of oil deteriorate quickly. To overcome the problems of contamination and to prevent the accelerating effect of wear-out caused by increased oil contamination, it is required to replace oil more often or to use expensive special engine oils as well as flushing oils intended for cleaning deposits. Reduction of carbon deposits in the combustion chamber, decarbonization of piston rings, complete burning of fuel hydrocarbons result in elimination of these problems, extend considerably oil life when using diesel fuel with the Cetane MAX additive.
4. Reduced service expenses for engine repair
When using the additive controlling the combustion, the overhaul life increases as the engine wear-out is reduced (just sleeve assembly is worn-out by 70%) that is proved by reduction of acoustic noise of the engine up to 5 db.
Experience of vehicle operation on fuel with combustion catalyst demonstrated reduction of cases of burning-out of exhaust pipes and valves due to reduced temperature in the combustion chamber and higher fuel combustion efficiency. Fuel does not leak into the exhaust duct and does not burn down there. Weighted average increase of engine operation period without overhaul is at least 1.3 times.
Respectively, it is not difficult to assess the benefit from use of space technologies enjoyed by car owners on the earth.
5. Reduced service expenses on repair of aftercombustion catalysts, exhaust pipes, valves
When using the Cetane MAX additive for combustion control in diesel fuel, load on aftercombustion catalysts decreases due to less harmful additives in exhaust gases. Afterburning catalysts recover their serviceability as the decomposers of fuel combustion in the additive provide their cleaning and extension of serviceability. Diesel fuel burns not in the exhaust pipes but a combustion chamber that actually prevents fire in the exhaust gas duct and prevents burning-out of the exhaust pipes due to reduced exhaust gas temperature.
6. Less repair time
Since the Cetane MAX additive in the fuel provides cleanness of the combustion chamber and maintains its structural sizes, it is not required to remove deposits of pyrobituments, carbons and lacquers from the surfaces of the combustion chamber that shortens repair time if necessary. Regular use of fuel with additives helps to clean the combustion chamber prior to engine repair. For this it is necessary to run at least 60 to 70 km at maximum permitted speed with the additive added to the fuel. It is recommended to run 100 km to clean the combustion chamber from the accumulated deposits.
7. Easy use, compatibility of additives and fuel
The Cetane MAX additive for combustion control has similar physical and chemical properties as diesel fuel. It is soluble completely in diesel. It does not demix and it is added easily to fuel in bin-bases, mobile tanks, vehicle tanks and any other tanks. It does not affect depressants, detergent, antifoam and other additives added to fuel.
8. Influence on cetane boost additives
Use of the Cetane MAX additive based on nanotechnologies for combustion control in combination with different types of fuel containing cetane boost additives, helps to reduce amounts of carbons and improve emission ecology of exhaust gases due to efficient fuel combustion in the combustion chamber. The engine bench tests revealed that regardless of origin of diesel fuel and its manufacturer (infringing fuel, low-grade fuel) the use of the additive brings to highly-effective indicators of improvement of combustion modes.
9. Reduced exhaust opacity and emissions of CH, CO, NOx, SO2, aldehydes, benzpyrenes – initiators of cancerous diseases
Aldehydes, ketones, aerosols, benzpyrenes, smoke black, which surface contains mentioned impurities, are initiators of cancerous diseases.
With the Cetane MAX additive the content of harmful substances in exhaust gases of combustion engines reduces:
|Harmful component of exhaust gases||Reduction of harmful component content, %|
|Opacity||Up to 90|
|Nitrogen oxides, NOx||50 – 55|
|Sulfur oxide, SO2||Up to 70|
|Carbon monoxide, CO||Up to 85|
|Hydrocarbons, CH||65 – 80|
|Benzpyrene||40 – 90|
|Aldehydes||16 – 60|
|Aerosols||Up to 20|
|Oil mist||20 – 100|
Our children and we breathe the same air! The additive is a powerful tool for ecology improvement. This argument cannot but leave the city authorities indifferent. This issue is especially urgent in big cities, in big quarries.
10. Habituation to fuel with the combustion-controlling Cetane MAX additive
Vehicle operation with use of the combustion-controlling additive demonstrates that in case renewal of use of fuel without combustion-controlling additive, all car owners note loss of engine power (lower reaction of acceleration pedal upon pressing). Once the combustion additive is no more used, formation of deposits in the combustion chamber is observed, and concentration of harmful impurities in the exhaust gases is the same as before addition of a catalyst. The engine goes back to its initial state.
For example, the drivers who have run over 100 km with combustion catalyst in the fuel do not want to use fuel without additive again.
11. Improved vehicle dynamic
When using fuel with combustion additive, the combustion chamber gets cleaned. The engine starts running with the combustion chamber without carbon deposits and demonstrates a power of a new engine. With continuous running on fuel with combustion additive the combustion chamber is no longer contaminated, and at least for this reason the engine produces maximum power in accordance with its design features. Besides, engine power increases due to higher efficiency of fuel combustion.
12. Preservation of buildings and landmarks
With fuel combustion, a great amount of nitrogen oxides is discharged into atmosphere, and in case of higher sulfur content in fuel the sulfur oxides are discharged into atmosphere. The nitrogen oxides and sulfur oxides combine with moisture and form acids which deteriorate landmarks. With the Cetane MAX fuel additive, the temperature in the combustion chamber reduces, and with this all fuel (hydrocarbons) burns out and at the same time the oxygen does not combine with sulfur and nitrogen due to energy blockage from nanoparticles and does not create nitrogen oxide and sulfur oxide.
13. Cost advantage
Cost advantage through use of combustion additive in fuel enables to avoid purchase of many additives which of them may be effective for changing only one parameter.
Use of one additive (the Cetane MAX combustion-controlling additive) instead of many additives reduces the cost of end product – fuel. Total cost advantage on reduction of expenses on engine repair, repair of fuel equipment, and fuel saving makes the additive an effective tool of organization of commercial transport business based on perfect understanding of specificity of the product, offered for continuous use of the space technologies product where state-of-the-art developments in nanotechnologies of combustion control are applied. Only team-work of scientists, engineers, mechanics, engine mechanics, production engineers, chemists, managers may result in great breakthrough in economics of a haulage company. We offer such work!
14. Vanadium corrosion
Use of heavy types of fuel in diesel engines results in vanadium corrosion and failure of fuel equipment. Substances of the additive prevent vanadium corrosion and failure of nozzles.
CERTIFICATE No. 09/8
CETANE МАХ ADDITIVE (super formula)
For increase of cetane number of diesel fuel, improvement of combustion, decrease of harmful emissions of exhaust gases.
SPECIFICATIONS No. 0257-004-95528620-2006
|No.||Indicator Name||Specifications||Analysis Results|
|1||Colorunits on colorimeter TsNT, max.||Yellow-orange||Yellow-orange|
|2||Increase of cetane number of standard diesel fuel with minimum additive, units:-0.1% of mass -0.2% of mass||58||69|
|3||Density at 15°С, kg/m3, max.||1,003||967|
|4||Acid number, mg KOH/g, max.||0.3||0.17|
|5||Solubility of the additive in diesel||complete||complete|
|6||Mass fraction of water, %||absent||absent|
|7||Flash temperature of the additive in closed cup, °С||Not specified||72|
|8||Contamination content, max.||absent||absent|
Note: The additive is a concentrate. Possible deposit formation which is easily soluble at shaking or heating is considered normal. (Phenomenon of an oversaturated component)
QCD decision ______meets __ SPECIFICATIONS No. 0257-004-95528620-2006
Head of laboratory __________________________Kuzmina O.O.
New ecological resource- and energy-saving lubricating additive
Diesel fuel produced under EURO-4 for improvement of ecological indicators has a considerably reduced molecular composition that affects its combustion in the engine. It results also in loss of engine power and its acceleration capability. Besides, due to the absence of a natural lubricating sulfur (S) agent in fuel, wear of fuel equipment increases substantially, and it becomes necessary to add specially-developed lubricating agents into fuel. Because of absence of sulfur the fuel becomes more corrosion-active that increases also corrosive wear of both fuel equipment and fuel system in a whole that it is also necessary to prevent. The fact is that the hydrodesulfurization results in elimination of sulfides and aromatic hydrocarbons from fuel together with surface-active agents functioning as anticorrosive agent in standard fuel. Unofficial statics collected at the BOSH and other service stations dealing with repair and replacement of fuel equipment of diesel engines, has revealed that there is a tendency to significant increase of malfunctions and failures of fuel equipment of diesel engines in which fuel, produced under EURO-4, was used; and higher wear-out and corrosion damage of parts of fuel nozzle pumps are noted. As a rule, premature malfunction of fuel equipment means great financial expenditures for an owner of a diesel vehicle. The serious problem, that requires to be solved, is obvious.
The Fuel Technologies Corporation has developed and launched manufacture of ecological resource- and energy-saving additive for correction of shortcomings of the modern EURO-4 diesel fuel. The code name of the additive is For EURO-4. It enables compensation of lack of lubricating properties that causes higher wear-out of diesel engine fuel equipment friction pairs operating in other friction mode than the mode which is modeled at fuel testing on the stand to check its lubricating properties. The For EURO-4 additive also compensates speed loss of EURO-4 fuel combustion and vehicle dynamic becomes better. The additive saves fuel due to better efficiency of fuel combustion and reduces harmful emissions, especially, CO and CH, NO emissions, maintains higher cleanness of the combustion chamber of nozzles and the catalyst of exhaust gases afterburning by intensifying effect of detergent and lubricating additives that are already added in the EURO-4 diesel fuel by the manufacturer.
The good is not always little! Use of the additive protects fuel equipment of the diesel engine additionally and securely, makes car driving more pleasant – better dynamic will leave a lot of positive impressions. Besides, your car will become more ecological and more economic.
CERTIFICATE No. 09/78 “For EURO–4”
Lubricating Agent for Diesel Fuel
SPECIFICATIONS No. 0257-002-95528620-2006
Lot No. 09-78 of August 10, 2009
|No.||Indicator Description||Specifications||Analysis Results|
|1||Appearance||Transparent liquid of pale yellow to yellow color||Yellow|
|2||Acidity, mg KOH/g, min.||30||49|
|3||Density at 20°С, kg/m3, max.||860||836|
|4||Solubility in diesel||complete||complete|
|5||Flash temperature in closed cap, °С, min.||80||97|
|6||Chill point, °С, max.||minus 5||minus 5|
Addition of the additive of 0.2%-volume reduces wear spot by 40-48% of initial 460 – 560 μm for the test diesel fuel.
Note: Possible deposit formation is normal. Shake before use.
QCD decision _____ meets __ SPECIFICATIONS No. 0257-002-95528620-2006
Head of laboratory __________________________Kuzmina O.O.
Conclusion of independent examination of the “For EURO-4” additive
In November and December, 2009 the laboratory of the combustion engines department of the Saint-Petersburg State Polytechnic University conducted engine-bench test of the “For EURO-4” additive under economic contract No. 200301901.
As a result of the engine-bench test of the YaMZ-238 diesel engine it was established that the properties of the additive correspond to those stated by the manufacturer . On the basis of the test basic cycle an obvious positive influence of the additive on economic and ecological indicators of the engine was established. That led to the following conclusions to be made:
- The reduction of the test-cycle average specific fuel consumption upon results of processing constituted up to 4.3% relative to initial condition of the engine under test.
- Reduction of harmful emissions in exhaust gases for the components was observed as follows: СО – by 2 to 5%, СН – by 7 to 22%, exhaust opacity – by 12 to 34% depending on the engine operation mode.
It is obvious that this effect is a result of reduced contamination of fuel system and combustion chamber, certain improved quality of mixture formation in the diesel engine.
3. Physical and chemical indicators of the fuel samples were measured in the certified laboratory of the North-Western Expertise Centre, LLC. According to the results of measurements of varied lubricating ability of diesel samples it may be concluded that after addition of the additive this indicator improved – the contact spot diameter of control friction pair was reduced 1.5 times.
Summary. Use of “For EURO-4” additive for processing of diesel fuel provided a significant effect of improvement of engine and ecological indicators of a diesel engine as well as improvement of durability of fuel supply equipment .
During the test no negative effects of processing of the engine by the “For EURO-4” have not been revealed.
Test Supervisor, Deputy Head of the Combustion Engines Department
Antifriction treatment of engine with Astra Robot-1 and Astra Robot-2 additives shall extend engine life
As far antifriction treatment of engines is concerned, our specialists are competent better than others. Although our company is rather young, it has already proved to be a productive, resourceful and constructive competitor of the domestic POL market.
Our offer of oil-soluble compositions of metalorganic type, namely, Astra Robot-1 and Astra Robot-2 additives which are nanoproducts, was considered very interesting by our consumers.
Generally, these products are intended for reducing internal friction of oil and friction losses in the engine as much as possible. Mechanical losses at idling are reduced significantly up to 19%.
The operating principle of the Astra Robot-1 additive is that the antifriction composition fully spreads in engine oil which functions as transport system. The Astra Robot-1 additive, not changing its physical and chemical properties, competes with deposits for settling surface by penetrating under them. It covers the surface of friction parts and components of the engine by separating accumulated deposits from the surface of engine parts. It lubricates and dissolves them in oil flows. On the surface of the friction parts the protective envelope is formed from nanostructures of the antifriction composition. Having penetrated into the metal surface, the material of the composition does not change the surface microrelief and is characterized by a low drag coefficient and a capability to hold a strong oil-film wedge. It provides reduction of mechanical friction losses in the engine up to 30% and enables to get additional engine power of 0.8 horse power per one cylinder in average.
After oil replacement and with use of the Astra Robot-2 antifriction composition the protective envelope, formed from nanostructures of the Astra Robot-1 composition, provides higher operation efficiency of nanocomponents of the Astra Robot-2 antifriction composition. On the formed envelope of the Astra Robot-1 the Astra Robot-2 forms an extra-soft self-regenerated protective structure of higher thickness enabling to reduce frictional moment up to 60% and to get additional engine power of 1.3 h. p. per each engine cylinder in average. Continuous use of the Astra Robot-2 antifriction composition may extend the engine life three times!
It is known that this is a friction that damages automobile parts badly so that as a result of depreciation they lose their initial operating properties. Due to reduction of friction losses both general safety and cost-effectiveness of vehicle operation are improved considerably.
Antifriction treatment of engine is a new interesting idea being developed by our company. It starts from fundamentals of the scientific and technical developments covering the reinforcement of the defence potential of the country. It provides and opens new possibilities of operation improvement of internal combustion engines, transmissions, and gear boxes.
The Astra Robot antifriction composition consists of a complex aggregate of metalorganic compounds including a group of precious metals matched in strictly determined ratio.
Conclusion on the results of independent examination:
In November and December, 2009 and 2010 the laboratory of the combustion engines department of the Saint-Petersburg State Polytechnic University conducted engine-bench test of the Astra Robot-1 and Astra Robot-2 additives under the economic contract.
As a result of the test it was found that the properties of additives correspond to those stated by the manufacturer. On the basis of a test basic cycle of the Mobile Super 2000 SAC 10W-40 engine oil the evidence of antifriction effects from treatment of the oil system by these additives was established and on this basis the following conclusions were drawn:
- From the measurements of engine characteristics, made after treatment, and from the analysis of a number of indirect signs, the Astra Robot-1 additive has properties providing separation of accumulated lacquer and coking deposits in the oil system of the engine.
- The engine power, measured after treatment, increases up to 6.5% (and at higher engine speed the power increases up to 8.3%) of initial state.
- After treatment the reduction of the average specific fuel consumption for a testing cycle was up to 7.7% relative to the initial state of the tested engine.
- Reduction of harmful emissions in exhaust gases for the components was observed as follows: СО – up to 16%, СН – up to 35%, NO – up to 20%. It is obvious that this effect is a result of level reduction of engine contamination and improvement of parts conditions of sleeve assembly as well as reduction of oil consumption on burn-off loss due to engine treatment with the Astra Robot-1, 2 additives.
- Certain increase of the engine gastightness (compression) at its initial operative condition was noted.
- After engine treatment with the Astra Robot-1 additive and further use of pure oil without additive, further reduction of mechanical loss up to 12% at idling was noted, and with further treatment with the Astra Robot-2 additive the level jumped to 19%.
Summary: Use of the Astra Robot additives for engine antifriction treatment provided a significant effect of increase of engine and ecological indicators of a petrol engine. It should be noted that total effect of treatment depends on the engine initial operating condition and quality level of the engine oil used in the engine. The effect may be intensified with increased wear rate and contamination level of the engine as well as with use of engine oils of lower grade.
During testing no negative effects of engine treatment with the Astra Robot-1, 2 additives was revealed.
Test Supervisor, Deputy Head of the Combustion Engines Department
In conclusion we would like to thank all consumers who have already used our products, who have already become aware of their actual possibilities and potential. And those who have read this information but not yet decided to use the products, we advise to make this decision not putting it off.
The company’s management is confident that our cooperation will be long-term and mutually beneficial! And this confidence is corroborated by the fact that those products are backbone of the country’s high scientific and technical potential.